Heavy oil is a common fuel for industrial furnaces, boilers, marines and diesel engines. Previous studies showed that the combustion of heavy oil involves not only the complete burning of volatile matters but also the bum-out of coke residues [1-3]. Detailed knowledge about heavy oil combustion therefore requires an understanding of the different burning stages of heavy oil droplets in the bumer. This in turn, demands knowledge about the single droplet evaporation and combustion characteristics. This study measured the temperature and size histories of heavy oil (C glass) droplets burning in microgravity to elucidate the various stages that occur during combustion. The elimination of the gravity-induced gas convection in microgravity allows the droplet combustion to be studied in greater detail. Noting that the compositions of heavy oil are various, we also tested the fuel blends of a diesel light oil (LO) and a heavy oil residue (HOR).
Ikegami, M., Xu, G., Ikeda, K., Honam, S., Nagaishi, H., Dietrich, D.L., Struk, P.M., Takeshita, Y., Combustion Stages of a Single Heavy Oil Droplet in Microgravity, Sixth International Microgravity Combustion Workshop, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, CP-2001-210826, pp. 261-264, May 22-24, 2001.